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Technical Thematic Report No. 17. - Monitoring ecosystems remotely: a selection of trends measured from satellite observations of Canada

Appendix 2

Land Cover as of 2005 and land cover change from 1985 to 2005 presented by ecozone+.

Arctic

Figure 14. Land cover in the Arctic Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 14

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Arctic Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Low Vegetation & Barren at 70.0%. This was followed by Snow/Ice/Glacier at 26.7%, Shrubland at 1.8%, and Forest at 1.5%. Land area in the Fire Scars class was very small (<0.001%).

Land area in the Fire Scars class is very small (<0.001%). Total land area is 2,355,196 km2.

Figure 15. Area by land cover class across the Arctic Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995 2000, and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 15

This bar chart shows the following information; Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 15
 19851990199520002005% Change
Forest34,14334,32434,03234,27134,2610.35
Fire Scars4954201,00759472145.66
Shrubland43,21843,03543,00543,12543,043-0.40
Low Vegetation
& Barren
1,648,7691,648,4281,648,5961,648,6061,648,571-0.01
Snow/Ice/Glacier628,571628,989628,556628,600628,6000.00

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Taiga Plains

Figure 16. Land cover in the Taiga Plains Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 16

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Taiga Plains Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 68.0%. This was followed by Shrubland at 19.5%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 6.2%, Fire Scars at 5.8%, and Agricultural Land at 0.4%. Land area in the Urban class was very small (<0.01%).

Total land area is 510,388 km2. Urban land area is very small (<0.01%), and is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 17. Area by land cover class across the Taiga Plains Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 17

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 17
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest364,969362,722362,722356,036346,813-5
Fire Scars10,3689,9369,93624,42029,740187
Shrubland102,366103,621103,62198,21199,690-3
Low Vegetation
& Barren
30,30231,69931,69929,38031,7405
Agricultural Land2,2602,2632,2632,2012,2650

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Taiga Shield

Figure 18. Land cover in the Taiga Shield Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 18

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Taiga Shield Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 43.9%. This was followed by Low Vegetation & Barren at 38.9%, Shrubland at 9.1%, and Fire Scars at 8.2%. Land areas in Urban, Agricultural Land, and Snow/Ice/Glacier classes were very small (<0.01%) and there is no Grassland.

Land areas in urban, Agricultural Land and Snow/Ice/Glacier classes are very small (<0.01%) and there is no Grassland. Total land area is 1,124,419 km2.

Figure 19. Area by land cover class across the Taiga Shield Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 19

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 19
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest560,679526,912481,290494,069493,890-12
Fire Scars29,30956,342100,98875,77291,665213
Shrubland99,649101,874102,574120,420101,8172
Low Vegetation
& Barren
435,031439,527439,844434,442437,3311

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Boreal Shield

Figure 20. Land cover in the Boreal Shield Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 20

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Boreal Shield Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 84.7%. This was followed by Shrubland at 8.5%, Fire Scars at 4.1%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 1.9%, Agricultural Land at 0.6%, and Urban at 0.1%. Land area in the Grassland class is very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Grassland class is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 1,597,782 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 21. Area by land cover class across the Boreal Shield Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 21

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 21
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest1,398,5481,377,4331,357,8021,327,3421,353,285-3.24
Fire Scars23,92449,19170,61887,36165,029171.81
Shrubland133,911127,746125,545141,306136,3121.79
Low Vegetation
& Barren
29,77031,10431,46229,65530,8923.77
Agricultural Land9,45110,09410,1379,94210,0626.46

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Atlantic Maritime

Figure 22. Land cover in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 22

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 87.3%. This was followed by Agricultural Land at 10.2%, Shrubland at 1.7%, Urban at 0.4%, and Fire Scars at 0.3%. Land area in the Grassland and Low Vegetation & Barren classes were very small (<0.01%).

Total land area is 196,049 km2. Land area in the Grassland and Low Vegetation and Barren classes are very small (<0.01%). Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 23. Area by land cover class across the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 23

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 23
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest171,364172,047171,651170,419171,172-0.11
Fire Scars2881841,4796032053.57
Shrubland3,7483,0843,2663,2023,302-11.90
Agricultural Land19,92119,92219,96019,96119,9840.32

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Mixedwood Plains

Figure 24. Land cover in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 24

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Agricultural Land at 67.7%. This was followed by Forest at 24.9%, Urban at 4.2%, Shrubland at 3.1%, and Grassland at 0.1%. Land area in the Low Vegetation & Barren and Fire Scars classes were very small (<0.1%).

Land area in the Low Vegetation and Barren and Fire Scars classes are very small (<0.1%). Total land area is 111,675 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 25. Area by land cover class across the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 25

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 25
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest27,76227,82427,82727,80127,8030.15
Fire Scars1822244436100.00
Shrubland3,4623,4613,4853,4893,4950.95
Agricultural Land75,54375,48175,44775,44875,448-0.13

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Though the area of Fire Scars increased by 100% during this period, the total area of Fire Scars in 2005 was only 36 km2.

Boreal Plains

Figure 26. Land cover in the Boreal Plains Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 26

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Boreal Plains Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 61.8%. This was followed by Agricultural Land at 24.4%, Shrubland at 12.1%, Fire Scars at 1.5%, Grassland at 0.1%, and Low Vegetation & Barren at 0.1%. Land area in the Urban Class was very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Urban class (extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997) is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 628,102 km2.

Figure 27. Area by land cover class across the Boreal Plains Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 27

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 27
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest400,131398,684389,340380,991388,005-3.03
Fire Scars2,0995,1759,95021,9209,590356.88
Shrubland72,66770,77674,05672,53276,2844.98
Grassland22247051644444399.55
Low Vegetation
& Barren
42047474752660143.10
Agricultural Land152,346152,310153,274151,472152,9660.41

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Prairies

Figure 28. Land cover in the Prairies Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 28

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Prairies Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Agricultural Land at 87.4%. This was followed by Grassland at 10.4%, Shrubland at 0.9%, Forest at 0.9%, and Urban at 0.4%. Land areas in the Low Vegetation & Barren and Fire Scars classes were very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Low Vegetation and Barren and Fire Scars classes are very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 451,699 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 29. Area by land cover class across the Prairies Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 29

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 29
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest3,9593,9583,9583,8943,954-0.13
Fire Scars00021024 
Shrubland4,0824,0824,0824,0574,081-0.02
Grassland46,67446,85846,86046,80946,8090.29
Low Vegetation
& Barren
80808082822.50
Agricultural Land394,712394,529394,527394,455394,557-0.04

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Taiga Cordillera

Figure 30. Land cover in the Taiga Cordillera Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 30

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Taiga Cordillera Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Low Vegetation & Barren at 44.9%. This was followed by Shrubland at 33.3%, Forest at 17.9%, Fire Scars at 2.6%, and Snow/Ice/Glacier at 1.3%. Land area in the Grassland class was very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Grassland class is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 336,528 km2

Figure 31. Area by land cover class across the Taiga Cordillera Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 31

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 31
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest64,34864,97060,75457,83360,169-6.49
Fire Scars2,9073,3057,44413,7258,684198.73
Shrubland114,609112,145111,950110,194112,114-2.18
Low  Vegetation
& Barren
150,108148,930153,433150,386151,1800.71

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Boreal Cordillera

Figure 32. Land cover in the Boreal Cordillera Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 32

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Boreal Cordillera Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 44.5%. This was followed by Shrubland at 30.5%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 21.0%, Snow/Ice/Glacier at 2.4%, and Fire Scars at 1.7%. Land area in the Urban class was very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Urban class (extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997) is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 422,213 km2.

Figure 33. Area by land cover class across the Boreal Cordillera Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 33

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 33
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest194,933189,953187,262179,727187,818-3.65
Fire Scars3,4215,3387,07017,2766,989104.30
Shrubland127,553128,839128,836127,267128,6720.88
Low Vegetation
& Barren
88,66988,80891,84088,08388,9160.28

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Pacific Maritime

Figure 34. Land cover in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 34

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 50.1%. This was followed by Shrubland at 25.9%, Snow/Ice/Glacier at 13.3%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 8.1%, Fire Scars at 1.4%, Agricultural Land at 0.7%, and Urban at 0.5%.

Total land area is 177,207 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 35. Area by land cover class across the Pacific Maritime Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 35

This bar chart shows the following information, Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 35
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest90,10090,48290,19388,75088,900-1.33
Fire Scars5591772012,6192,535353.49
Shrubland48,53847,89449,11046,03546,047-5.13
Low Vegetation
& Barren
15,40215,59916,35814,30314,298-7.17
Agricultural Land1,3471,3211,3121,3161,316-2.30

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Montane Cordillera

Figure 36. Land cover in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 36

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Montane Cordillera Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 64.9%. This was followed by Shrubland at 16.8%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 12.9%, Snow/Ice/Glacier at 3.8%, Agricultural Land at 1.0%, Fire Scars at 0.5%, and Grassland at 0.2%. Land area in the Urban class was very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Urban class (extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997) is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 410,155 km2.

Figure 37. Area by land cover class across the Montane Cordillera Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 37

This bar chart shows the following information; Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 37
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest268,571267,992266,968259,629266,176-0.89
Fire Scars6531662799,6712,041212.56
Shrubland69,21669,41069,91368,18168,809-0.59
Grassland55264564564564516.85
Low Vegetation
& Barren
55,47854,23255,44552,42152,775-4.87
Agricultural Land4,2864,1604,1464,0884,138-3.45

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Hudson Plains

Figure 38. Land cover in the Hudson Plains Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 38

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Hudson Plains Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 67.9%. This was followed by Shrubland at 26.1%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 4.4%, and Fire Scars at 1.6%. Land area in the Agricultural Land class was very small (<0.01%).

Land area in the Agricultural Land class is very small (<0.01%). Total land area is 337,595 km2.

Figure 39. Area by land cover class across the Hudson Plains Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 39

This bar chart shows the following information; Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 39
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest230,082226,180227,138225,591229,518-0.25
Fire Scars3,6559,4417,36311,8965,35046.37
Shrubland88,54086,54687,96585,51387,991-0.62
Low Vegetation
& Barren
15,49815,60215,31714,77614,917-3.75

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Western Interior Basin

Figure 40. Land cover in the Western Interior Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 40

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Western Interior Basin Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Forest at 73.3%. This was followed by Shrubland at 11.6%, Agricultural Land at 5.9%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 5.1%, Grassland at 2.0%, Snow/Ice/Glacier at 1.5%, Fire Scars at 0.4%, and Urban at 0.1%.

Total land area is 55,279 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 41. Area by land cover class across the Western Interior Basin Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.1

graph

Long Description for Figure 41

This bar chart shows the following information; Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 41
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest40,90840,74140,72139,48340,535-0.91
Fire Scars25841,358219776.00
Shrubland6,4856,5226,4946,3666,438-0.72
Grassland9391,0881,0841,0911,09116.19
Low Vegetation
& Barren
2,8052,8422,8482,8012,8130.29
Agricultural Land3,3663,2523,2553,2523,255-3.30

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

Newfoundland Boreal

Figure 42. Land cover in the Newfoundland Boreal Ecozone+, 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 42

This pie chart shows the percentage of different land cover classes in the Newfoundland Boreal Ecozone+ in 2005. The largest land cover class was Shrubland at 51.4%. This was followed by Forest at 43.9%, Low Vegetation & Barren at 4.0%, Fire Scars at 0.4%, Agricultural Land at 0.1%, and Urban at 0.1%.

Total land area is 98,396 km2. Note that urban area is the extent from the National Atlas as of 1996-1997.

Figure 43. Area by land cover class across the Newfoundland Boreal Ecozone+, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005.

graph

Long Description for Figure 43

This bar chart shows the following information; Area (km2):

Detailed data for figure 43
 19851990199520002005% change
Forest43,00942,97643,27942,95843,1910.42
Fire Scars168862120663401138.69
Shrubland51,08550,41650,86450,54250,570-1.01
Low Vegetation
& Barren
3,9583,9663,9883,9773,9780.51
Agricultural Land37376117117216.22

Labels are the total percent change for each land cover class between 1985 and 2005.

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