Canadian Biodiversity Strategy
- Executive Summary
- Biodiversity: Our Living Legacy
- A Vision For Canada
- GOAL 1 - Conservation and Sustainable Use
- A. Wild Flora and Fauna and Other Wild Organisms
- B. Protected Areas
- C. Restoration and Rehabilitation
- D. Sustainable Use of Biological Resources
- E. Biosafety: Harmful Alien Organisms and Living Modified Organisms
- F. Atmosphere
- G. Human Population and Settlement
- GOAL 2 - Ecological Management
- A. Improving Our Ecological Management Capability
- B. Increasing Resource Management Capability
- C. Monitoring
- GOAL 3 - Education and Awareness
- GOAL 4 - Incentives and Legislation
- GOAL 5 - International Cooperation
- Indigenous Community Implementation
GOAL 2 - Ecological Management
B. Increasing Resource Management Capability
Data and Information Management
Many government and non-government agencies collect data and information necessary for the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of biological resources. However, collected data and information are often not available because of exchange problems between management systems or because individuals are not aware of potentially useful sources. Also, the full range of data including biological, physical, chemical, social, cultural and economic data, required by resource planners and managers is often unavailable. Effective management systems are required to ensure data and information are available to those who need it.
Enhanced coordination among agencies and individuals could solve many data and information communications problems, although access to some information may need to be restricted in order to protect certain populations, species or sites.
Integrated Planning and Ecological Management
Ecological planning and management, especially at landscape and waterscape levels, are essential to implementing an ecological management approach. Such planning processes should integrate ecological, social, cultural and economic objectives. They should also provide for public and stakeholder participation to prevent and resolve conflicts among various resource users. Integrated planning and ecological management enhances the effectiveness of environmental assessments.
Ecological planning and management efforts have been successfully implemented in many regions of the country. For example, planning processes have been applied in several forested regions to provide opportunities for multi-stakeholder participation in determining resource use and conservation approaches. Land use planning and ecological management have been effective in determining appropriate land uses in urban areas, and have led to the establishment of protected areas. However, biodiversity conservation considerations are not yet fully integrated into these activities. Enhanced collaboration between all orders of government responsible for planning is required to achieve the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of biological resources.
Improve ecological planning to assist in the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of biological resources, especially in or near sensitive aquatic areas, in areas that support populations of endemic, threatened or endangered species, and in areas that are undergoing significant changes resulting from human activity and development.
Environmental Assessments and Emergency Planning
Effective mechanisms must be implemented to provide for the adequate assessment and mitigation of the adverse impacts on biodiversity that could result from proposed projects.
Environmental assessments, as defined by legislation and policy, are used to determine the effects of projects that have the potential to significantly affect the environment. As our ability improves to inventory, describe and understand the components of biodiversity, better information will be available to enhance the effectiveness of environmental assessments.
Environmental assessments are also conducted to determine the potentially adverse impacts of government initiatives on biodiversity. Often these can be effectively assessed by applying simplified environmental assessment procedures. In some instances, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment have been successfully merged. This can be very effective in decision-making, as well as in reducing the cumulative impacts of developments.
In addition to implementing environmental assessments, the Convention requires all contracting parties to promote arrangements for emergency responses to events, such as coastal oil spills, that present a grave and imminent danger to biodiversity beyond national jurisdictions.
Use environmental assessments to determine potential impacts of developments on ecosystem, species and genetic resources and to recommend appropriate ways to avoid or reduce them to acceptable levels.
Ecological planning and management training programs, tailored to the needs of policy-makers and resource managers are required. Training will also help policy-makers understand the implications of policies and programs before they are implemented.
Training and information programs are also necessary to keep personnel informed of improved management practices, new technologies, and the appropriate use and application of traditional knowledge. Highly trained, professional staff will be required in order to implement certain provisions of this Strategy. This will require taking advantage of existing facilities and expertise as much as possible and enhancing communication between educators and institutions.
- Date Modified: