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List of Figures and Tables

List of Figures

Figure 1. Overview map of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 2. Human population of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1971–2006.

Figure 3. Distribution of major land cover types in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+ as delineated by remote sensing, 2005.

Figure 4. Land cover of the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+ based on the Southern Ontario Land Resource Information System (SOLRIS) Phase 1 Wooded Areas Mapping (based on year 2000 imagery).

Figure 5. Changes in land cover in the Quebec portion of the Ecozone+, 1969–1995.

Figure 6. Changes in percentage forest cover by development stage within the Quebec portion of the ecozone+.

Figure 7. Tallgrass prairies, savannahs, and alvars in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 8. Percentage of wetland cover in the Ontario portion of the ecozone+ prior to European settlement.

Figure 9. Percentage of wetland cover in Ontario portion of the ecozone+ in 2002.

Figure 10. Percentage loss of wetlands in the Ontario portion of the ecozone+ from prior to European Settlement to 2002.

Figure 11. Distribution and classification of wetlands in the Quebec portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, ca. early 1990s to 2009.

Figure 12. Percent change of wetland area by physiographic unit along the St. Lawrence River.

Figure 13. Changes in streamflow, temperature, and precipitation between 1961–1982 and 1983–2003 for the Nith River in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 14. Changes in seasonal percentage maximum ice cover on the Great Lakes, 1973–2008.

Figure 15. Mean daily water temperatures associated with lake trout spawning at Yorkshire Bar, eastern Lake Ontario, 1989–1993.

Figure 16. Coastal dunes of the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 17. Distribution of protected areas in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, May 2009.

Figure 18. Growth of protected areas in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1984–2009.

Figure 19. Growth of the Conservation Land Tax Incentive Program, 1991–2008.

Figure 20. Trends in land area by population density class in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1951–2006.

Figure 21. Shoreline alteration in southern Georgian Bay.

Figure 22. Photos showing level of shoreline alteration in the Collingwood area of Ontario in 1954 (left) and 2008 (right).

Figure 23. Trends in selected agricultural characteristics in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1971–2006.

Figure 24. Trends in hectares planted by crop in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 1976–2006.

Figure 25. Distribution of zebra mussels throughout the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 2009.

Figure 26. Concentration mercury in 50 cm walleye from Lake Simcoe, Lake Scugog, Rice Lake, Balsam Lake, and Grand River, 1975–2006.

Figure 27. Mean phosphorous concentrations in streams in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 2003-2007.

Figure 28. Total number of algal blooms in which dominance by cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) was confirmed in Ontario, 1994–2009. Includes areas outside of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 29. Percentage cover of natural vegetation in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 30. Percentage of forested lands in Ontario portion of the ecozone+ with patches <75 ha, ≥75 and <200 ha, and ≥200 ha).

Figure 31. Proximity of large natural patches from roads in the Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains ecozone+.

Figure 32. Extent of barriers to fish movement in five creek catchments in southern Ontario.

Figure 33. Changes in wildlife habitat capacity on agricultural land in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+ between 1986 and 2006.

Figure 34. Wildlife habitat capacity on agricultural land in the Mixedwood Plains in 1986 (top) and 2006 (bottom).

Figure 35. Annual indices of population change of grassland birds in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+

Figure 36. Annual indices of population change of open habitat birds in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.

Figure 37. The number of Ontario native species which are secure or of conservation concern based on the General Status Rank categories, 2005.

Figure 38. Amphibian trends in the Great Lakes Basin, 1995-2007.

Figure 39. Great lakes-wide cormorant nest counts, 1979–2005.

Figure 40. Bats with white-nose syndrome, Craigmont Mine, Ontario

Figure 41. Spread of white-nose syndrome in bats.

Figure 42. Distribution of Viral Hemorrahagic Septicemia Virsu (VHSV) positive fish in the Great Lakes, 2003–2008.

Figure 43. Distribution of VHSV positive fish and water and sites associated with shipping, boating, and open shorelines.

List of Tables

Table 1. Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+ overview.

Table 2. Key findings overview.

Table 3. Composition of total wetland cover (based on area) across four wetland types  in the Ontario portion of the ecozone+ by physiographic zone, 2009.

Table 4. Percentage wetland patches in Ontario portion of ecozone+ by physiographic zone, 2009.

Table 5. Area per category of wetland in the Quebec portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+, 2009.

Table 6. Distribution of wetland losses based on how the land was allocated in the Montérégie administrative region, 1964-2006.

Table 7. Mean maximum ice coverage (in %) on the Great Lakes by decade, 1970s to 2000s.

Table 8. Ontario portion of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone’s diversity of protected areas related to legislation and general IUCN Classification.

Table 9. Overview of climate trends for the Mixedwood Plains, 1950–2007.

Table 10. Road density by physiographic zone.

Table 11. Natural vegetation in Ontario portion of Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+

Table 12. Species of conservation concern in the Mixedwood Plains.

Table 13. Trends in abundance of landbirds for the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone+.