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Trends in Canadian shorebirds


Alexander, S.A. and Gratto-Trevor, C.L. 1997. Shorebird migration and staging at a large prairie lake and wetland complex: the Quill Lakes, Saskatchewan. Occasional Paper No. 97. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Ottawa, ON. 47 p.

Allen, A.A. 1945. Some changes in the birdlife of Churchill, Manitoba. Auk 62:129-134.

Aubry, Y. and Cotter, R. 2007. Québec shorebird conservation plan. Canadian Wildlife Service, Quebec Region, Environment Canada. Sainte-Foy, QC. xvi + 196 p.

Baker, A.J., González, P.M., Piersma, T., Niles, L.J., de Lima Serrano do Nascimento, I., Atkinson, P.W., Clark, N.A., Minton, C.D.T., Peck, M.K. and Aarts, G. 2004. Rapid population decline in red knots: fitness consequences of decreased refuelling rates and late arrival in Delaware Bay. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences 271:875-882.

Bart, J., Andres, B., Brown, S., Donaldson, G., Harrington, B.A., Johnston, V., Jones, S., Morrison, R.I.G. and Skagen, S. 2005. The Program for Regional and International Shorebird Monitoring (PRISM). USDA Forest Service General Technical Report No. PSW-GTR-191. 901 p.

Bart, J., Brown, S., Harrington, B. and Morrison, R.I.G. 2007. Survey trends of North American shorebirds: population declines or shifting distributions? Journal of Avian Biology 38:73-82.

Bart, J. and Earnst, S.L. 2004. Methods for shorebird surveys in the Arctic. In Proceedings of the 3rd annual Partners in Flight International Symposium. Edited by Ralph, C.J. and Rich, T. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-191. Asilomar, CA. pp. 907-917.

Bart, J. and Johnston, V. (eds). 2012. Arctic shorebirds in North America: a decade of monitoring. Studies in Avian Biology Monograph Series No. 44. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA. In press.

Blanco, D.E., Yorio, P., Petracci, P.F. and Pugnali, G. 2006. Distribution and abundance of non-breeding shorebirds along the coasts of the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Waterbirds 29:381-390.

Brouwer, J., Baker, N.E. and Trolliet, B. 2003. Estimating bird population sizes and trends: what are the hard data, what are the unavoidable assumptions? A plea for good documentation. Wader Study Group Bulletin 100:197-201.

Brown, S.C., Hickey, C., Harrington, B.A. and Gill, R.E. 2001. United States shorebird conservation plan. 2nd Edition. Manomet Centre for Conservation Sciences. Manomet, MA. 64 p.

Cadman, M.D., Eagles, P.F. and Helleiner, F.M. 1987. Atlas of the breeding birds in Ontario. University of Waterloo Press. Waterloo, ON.

Callaghan, T., Bjorn, L.O., Chapin III, F.S., Chernov, Y., Christensen, T.R., Huntley, B., Ims, R., Johansson, M., Riedlinger, D.J., Jonasson, S., Matveyeva, N., Oechel, W.C., Panikov, N. and Shaver, G.R. 2005. Arctic tundra and polar desert ecosystems. In Arctic climate impact assessment. Edited by Symon, C., Arris, L. and Heal, B. Cambridge University Press. New York, NY. Chapter 7. pp. 243-352.

COSEWIC. 2007. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the red knot Calidris canutus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa, ON. vii + 58 p.

Crewe, T., Barry, K., Lepage, D., Davidson, P. and Badzinski, S. 2010. Coastal waterbird population trends in the Georgia Basin 1999-2009: results from the first decade of the Coastal Waterbird Survey. Bird Studies Canada. A report to the Habitat Conservation Trust Foundation.

Delany, S. and Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. 4th Edition. Wetlands International. Wageningen, The Netherlands. viii + 23 p.

Donaldson, G., Hyslop, C., Morrison, R.I.G., Dickson, D.L. and Davidson, I. 2000. Canadian shorebird conservation plan. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Ottawa, ON. ii + 28 p.

Elliott, K. and Johnston, V. 2009. Boreal shorebirds in the Northwest Territories: breeding biology and survey techniques. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Yellowknife, NT. 104 p.

Elliott-Smith, E., Haig, S.M. and Powers, B.M. 2009. Data from the 2006 International Piping Plover Census. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 426. 332 p.

Environment Canada. 2007. Recovery strategy for the eskimo curlew (Numenius borealis) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Environment Canada. Ottawa, ON. v + 10 p.

Environment Canada. 2010. North American Breeding Bird Survey - Canadian results and analysis website version 3.00. [online]. Environment Canada. Gatineau, QC.

Ferland, C.L. and Haig, S.M. 2002. The 2001 International Piping Plover and Snowy Plover Census. USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center. Corvallis, OR. 287 p.

Gratto-Trevor, C.L. 1994. Monitoring shorebird populations in the Arctic. Bird Trends 3:10-12.

Gratto-Trevor, C.L. 2000. Marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa). In The birds of North America, No. 492. Edited by Poole, A. and Gill, F. The Birds of North America Inc. Philadelphia, PA.

Gratto-Trevor, C.L., Beyersbergen, H.L., Erickson, P., MacFarlane, R., Raillard, M. and Sadler, T. 2001. Prairie Canada shorebird conservation plan. Prairie Habitat Joint Venture and Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Edmonton, AB.

Gratto-Trevor, C.L. and Dickson, H.L. 1994. Confirmation of elliptical migration in a population of semipalmated sandpipers. Wilson Bulletin 106:78-90.

Gratto-Trevor, C.L., Johnston, V.H. and Pepper, S.T. 1998. Changes in shorebird and eider abundance in the Rasmussen Lowlands, NWT. Wilson Bulletin 110:316-325.

Haig, S.M. and Plissner, J.H. 1993. Distribution and abundance of piping plovers -- results and implications of the 1991 international census. Condor 95:145-156.

Harrington, B.A., Leeuwenberg, F.J., Resende, S.L., Mcneil, R., Thomas, B.T., Grear, J.S. and Martinez, E.F. 1991. Migration and mass change of white-rumped sandpipers in North and South-America. Wilson Bulletin 103:621-636.

Harrington, B.A. and Morrison, R.I.G. 1980. Notes on the wintering areas of red knot Calidris canutus rufa in Argentina, South America. Wader Study Group Bulletin 28:40-42.

Hicklin, P.W. 1987. The migration of shorebirds in the Bay of Fundy. Wilson Bulletin 99:540-570.

Hicklin, P.W. 2001. A comparison of roost counts in 1970s and 1990s in the Bay of Fundy. Bird Trends 8:19-21.

Howe, M., Bart, J., Brown, S.C., Elphick, C.S., Gill, R.E., Harrington, B.A., Hickey, C., Morrison, R.I.G., Skagen, S. and Warnock, N. 2000. A comprehensive monitoring program for North American shorebirds. Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. Manomet, MA.

Howe, M.A., Geissler, P.H. and Harrington, B.A. 1989. Population trends of North American shorebirds based on the International Shorebird Survey. Biological Conservation 49:185-199.

Isacch, J.P. and Martinez, M.M. 2003. Temporal variation in abundance and the population status of non-breeding Nearctic and Patagonian shorebirds in the flooding Pampa Grasslands of Argentina. Journal of Field Ornithology 74:233-242.

Jehl, J.R. 2004. Birdlife of the Churchill region: status, history, biology. Trafford Publishing Co. Victoria, BC. 155 p.

Jehl, J.R. 2007. Disappearance of breeding semipalmated sandpipers from Churchill, Manitoba: more than a local phenomenon. Condor 109:351-360.

Jehl, J.R. and Lin, W.L. 2001. Population status of shorebirds nesting at Churchill, Manitoba. Canadian Field Naturalist 115:487-494.

Johnston, V. 2000. Lesser yellowlegs pilot project: Yellowknife, NT. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Yellowknife, NT. 17 p.

Johnston, V., Marsh, T. and Elliott, K. 2008a. Boreal shorebirds of the Yellowknife area: breeding biology and survey techniques. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Yellowknife, NT. 30 p.

Johnston, V. and Rausch, J. 2008. Preliminary results from Kivalliq Region shorebird surveys.Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Yellowknife, NT. Unpublished data.

Johnston, V., Smith, P.A., Dauncey, S. and Wood, C. 2008b. Shorebirds of the upper Mackenzie Valley: breeding biology and survey techniques. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Yellowknife, NT. 33 p.

Johnston, V.H., Gratto-Trevor, C.L. and Pepper, S.T. 2000. Assessment of bird populations in the Rasmussen Lowlands, Nunavut. Occassional Paper No. 101. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Ottawa, ON. 56 p.

Johnston, V.H. and Pepper, S.T. 2009. The birds of Prince Charles Island and Air Force Island, Foxe Basin, Nunavut. Occasional Paper No. 117. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Ottawa, ON. 54 p.

Latour, P.B., Machtans, C.S. and Beyersbergen, G.W. 2005. Shorebird and passerine abundance and habitat use at a high Arctic breeding site: Creswell Bay, Nunavut. Arctic 58:55-65.

Lemon, M. and Drever, M. Results of spring (Brunswick Point on the Fraser River Delta) and fall (Sidney Island in the Strait of Georgia) shorebird migration monitoring in British Columbia, 1997-2009.Canadian Wildlife Service, Pacific and Yukon Region, Environment Canada. Unpublished data.

Meltofte, H., Piersma, T., Boyd, H., McCaffery, B., Ganter, B., Golovnyuk, V.V., Graham, K., Gratto-Trevor, C.L., Morrison, R.I.G., Nol, E., Rösner, H.-U., Schamel, D., Schekkerman, H., Soloviev, M.Y., Tomkovich, P.S., Tracy, D.M., Tulp, I. and Wennerberg, L. 2007. Effects of climate variation on the breeding ecology of Arctic shorebirds. -- Meddelelser om Grømland Bioscience 59. Danish Polar Center. Copenhagen, Denmark. 48 p.

Morrison, R.I.G. 1977. Use of the Bay of Fundy by shorebirds. In Fundy tidal power and the environment: proceedings of a workshop on the environmental implications of Fundy tidal power held at Wolfville, Nova Scotia, November 4-5, 1976. Edited by Daborn, G.R. Acadia University Institute. Wolfville, NS. pp. 187-199.

Morrison, R.I.G. 1984. Migration systems of some New World shorebirds. Behavior of Marine Animals 6:125-202.

Morrison, R.I.G. 2001. Shorebird population trends and issues in Canada -- an overview. Bird Trends 8:1-5.

Morrison, R.I.G., Aubry, Y., Butler, R.W., Beyersbergen, G.W., Downes, C., Donaldson, G.M., Gratto-Trevor, C.L., Hicklin, P.W., Johnston, V.H. and Ross, R.K. 2001. Declines in North American shorebird populations. Wader Study Group Bulletin 94:34-38.

Morrison, R.I.G. and Collins, B.T. 2010. Atlantic Canada Shorebird Survey data.Environment Canada. Unpublished data.

Morrison, R.I.G., Davidson, N.C. and Wilson, J.R. 2007. Survival of the fattest: body stores on migration and survival in red knots Calidris canutus islandica. Journal of Avian Biology 38:479-487.

Morrison, R.I.G., Downes, C. and Collins, B. 1994. Population trends of shorebirds on fall migration in eastern Canada 1974-1991. Wilson Bulletin106:431-447.

Morrison, R.I.G. and Harrington, B. 1979. Critical shorebird resources in James Bay and eastern North America. In Transactions of the 44th North American Wildlife Natural Resources Conference. Wildlife Management Institute. Washington, D.C. pp. 498-507.

Morrison, R.I.G. and Hicklin, P. 2001. Recent trends in shorebird populations in the Atlantic Provinces. Bird Trends 8:16-19.

Morrison, R.I.G., McCaffery, B.J., Gill, R.E., Skagen, S.K., Jones, S.L., Page, G.W., Gratto-Trevor, C.L. and Andres, B.A. 2006. Population estimates of North American shorebirds, 2006. Wader Study Group Bulletin 111:67-85.

Morrison, R.I.G., Ross, R.K. and Niles, L.J. 2004. Declines in wintering populations of red knots in southern South America. Condor 106:60-70.

Myers, J.P., Morrison, R.I.G., Antas, P.Z., Harrington, B.A., Lovejoy, T.E., Sallaberry, M., Senner, S.E. and Tarak, A. 1987. Conservation strategy for migratory species. American Scientist 75:19-26.

Peck, G.K. and James, R.D. 1983. Breeding birds of Ontario, nidiology and distribution. Volume 1: Nonpasserines. Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication, Royal Ontario Museum. Toronto, ON. 321 p.

Piersma, T., Koolhaas, A., Dekinga, A., Beukema, J.J., Dekker, R. and Essink, K. 2001. Long-term indirect effects of mechanical cockle-dredging on intertidal bivalve stocks in the Wadden Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology 38:976-990.

Pirie, L., Johnston, B.H. and Smith, P.A. 2012. Tier 2 surveys. In Arctic shorebirds in North America: a decade of monitoring. Studies in Avian Biology Monograph Series No. 44. Edited by Bart, J. and Johnston, B.H. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA. In Press.

Plissner, J.H. and Haig, S.M. 2000. Status of a broadly distributed endangered species: results and implications of the second International Piping Plover Census. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:128-139.

Ross, R., Pedlar, J. and Morrison, R.I.G. 2001. Trends in shorebird populations migrating through southern Ontario. Bird Trends 8:24-25.

Sammler, J.E., Andersen, D.E. and Skagen, S.K. 2008. Population trends of tundra-nesting birds at Cape Churchill, Manitoba, in relation to increasing goose populations. Condor 110:325-334.

Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E. and Fallon, J. 2008. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2007. U.S. Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. (accessed 20 October, 2009).

Senner, S.E. and Howe, M.A. 1984. Conservation of Nearctic shorebirds. In Shorebirds: breeding behaviour and populations. Edited by Burger, J. and Olla, B.L. Plenum Press. New York, NY. pp. 379-421.

Shepherd, P.C.F., Evans Ogden, L.J. and Lank, D.B. 2003. Integrating marine and terrestrial habitats in shorebird conservation planning. Wader Study Group Bulletin 100:40-42.

Sinclair, P.H., Aubry, Y., Bart, J., Johnston, V., Lanctot, R., McCaffrey, B., Ross, K., Smith, P.A. and Tibbitts, L.T. 2004. Boreal shorebirds: an assessment of conservation status and potential for population monitoring. Program for Regional and International Shorebird Monitoring (PRISM) Boreal Committee. Whitehorse, YT.

Skagen, S., Bart, J., Andres, B., Brown, S., Donaldson, G., Harrington, B.A., Johnston, V., Jones, S. and Morrison, R.I.G. 2003. Monitoring shorebirds of North America: towards a unified approach. Wader Study Group Bulletin 100:102-104.

Skagen, S.K., Sharpe, P.B., Waltermire, R.G. and Dillon, M.B. 1999. Biogeographical profiles of shorebird migration in midcontinental North America. U.S. Geological Survey Biological Science Report No. 2000-0003. Fort Collins, CO. 167 p.

Smol, J.P. and Douglas, M.S.V. 2007. Crossing the final ecological threshold in high Arctic ponds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104:12395-12397.

Thomas, G.H., Lanctot, R.B. and Szekely, T. 2006a. Can intrinsic factors explain population declines in North American breeding shorebirds? A comparative analysis. Animal Conservation 9:252-258.

Thomas, G.H., Lanctot, R.B. and Szekely, T. 2006b. Population declines in North American shorebirds: ecology, life-history and sexual selection. In Waterbirds around the world. Edited by Boere, G.C., Galbraith, C.A. and Stroud, D.A. The Stationary Office. Edinburgh, UK. pp. 207-208.

Tulp, I. and Schekkerman, H. 2006. Time allocation between feeding and incubation in uniparental Arctic-breeding shorebirds: energy reserves provide leeway in a tight schedule. Journal of Avian Biology 37:207.

Tulp, I. and Schekkerman, H. 2008. Has prey availability for Arctic birds advanced with climate change? Hindcasting the abundance of tundra arthropods using weather and seasonal variations. Arctic 61:48-60.

U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan. 2004. High priority shorebirds -- 2004. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Arlington, VA. 5 p.

Walsh, J.E., Anisimov, O., Hagen, J.O.M., Jakobsson, T., Oerlemans, J., Prowse, T.D., Romanovsky, V., Savelieva, N., Serreze, M., Shiklomanov, I. and Solomon, S. 2005. Cryosphere and hydrology. In Arctic climate impact assessment. Edited by Symon, C., Arris, L. and Heal, B. Cambridge University Press. New York, NY. Chapter 6. pp. 183-242.

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