Convention on Biological Diversity


Article 1:

The objectives of this Convention, to be pursued in accordance with its relevant provisions, are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.

Convention on Biological Diversity

Thematic Programmes and Cross-Cutting Issues

There are seven thematic programmes of work of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Agricultural Biodiversity; Dry and Sub-humid Lands Biodiversity; Forest Biodiversity; Inland Waters Biodiversity; Island Biodiversity; Marine and Coastal Biodiversity; and Mountain Biodiversity.  Each programme identifies actions required to achieve the objectives of the Convention in each biome.  Implementation of the work programmes depends on contributions from all levels of government, the private sector, and other relevant organizations.

A number of cross-cutting issues of relevance to all thematic areas have led to a number of principles, guidelines, and other tools to facilitate the implementation of the Convention.  Some of these cross-cutting issues include: Biodiversity for Development, Climate Change and Biodiversity; Communication, Education and Public Awareness; Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures; Ecosystem Approach; Gender and Biodiversity; Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, Global Taxonomy Initiative; Impact Assessment; Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments; Invasive Alien Species; Liability and Redress – Art. 14(2); Protected Areas; Sustainable Use of Biodiversity; Tourism and Biodiversity; Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices – Article 8(j); Technology Transfer and Cooperation.